Our Mission:

Our Mission: To enable individuals and communities to take an active part in the cultivation of systems that provide the highest quality fruits, vegetables, herbs and other yields, in a way that benefits themselves, cares for the land and environment, and provides a surplus to use, share and reinvest into the system.

Sunday, February 22, 2015

Purslane - Underappreciated Plants & "Weeds"

Can you tell I am ready for Spring?  You might be thinking,

"He's so ready, he's doing a video about a WEED!"
 
 
What is a weed? A plant whose virtues have never been discovered. - Ralph Waldo Emerson
 
According to Merriam-Webster.com the definition of a weed is:  a plant that is not valued where it is growing and is usually of vigorous growth; especially :  one that tends to overgrow or choke out more desirable plants

http://nutritiondata.self.com/facts/vegetables-and-vegetable-products/2604/2
Raw Purslane 1cup
Nutrition Data, Self.com

So, the location of growth is a true factor in the label of weed.  Sadly, many plants get labeled as weeds regardless of where they grow.  Many plants have acquired the label, "Weed" or "Invasive" that are actually quite beneficial; especially in our population that loves a manicured lawn or weed free fields.

Purslane is a "weed" that actually has many nutritional benefits and is a good source of heart healthy Omega-3 fatty acids, somewhat rare in plants.  It can be used in stews as a thickening agent, and as a topical ointment similar to aloe vera. 

Learn more in this video (look, no snow!)

 
Here is the link and abstract from the journal Phytochemistry http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22683318

Abstract: "...Portulacanones A-D is the first group of homoisoflavonoids so far reported from the family Portulacaceae. They represent a rare subclass of homoisoflavonoids in nature with a structural feature of a single hydroxyl group substituted at C-2' rather than at C-4' in ring B of the skeleton. Three homoisoflavonoids and the known compound 2,2'-dihydroxy-4',6'-dimethoxychalcone selectively showed in vitro cytotoxic activities towards four human cancer cell lines..."
I encourage you to plant or leave some underappreciated plants here and there in your landscapes.  If they are in a spot on purpose, they are no longer a "weed." Show others their subtle beauty and share the knowledge of their benefits.  You might even have the opportunity to share them with guests in a meal.

If you would like help with an edible and sustainable landscape, with a few surprises hidden in, contact me and I will help you get started, with a design or even a full installation and maintenance plan.

Don't forget the Seed Exchange is this coming weekend!  Have great week!
 

Sunday, February 15, 2015

Happy President's Day

https://www.mountvernon.org/
George Washington at Mount Vernon
On February 16th the US will celebrate President's Day.  It is also the birthday of George Washington, our first President under our current Constitution.  Our first four Presidents were passionate botanists.  Washington and Thomas Jefferson, our third President, owned some of the largest and most famous estates in America, Mount Vernon and Monticello respectively.

George Washington was a farmer and avid gardener, owning the 8000 acre Mount Vernon estate and farm.  Click here for a Virtual Tour and much more. In addition to being an innovative farmer, Washington was an accomplished landscape designer drawing praises from Mount Vernon's visitors. He planned flower and kitchen gardens, parterres, as well as a greenhouse and small test garden where he kept various plants he was experimenting with. 
"...to be a cultivator of Land has been my favorite amusement" Washington wrote.

http://www.nps.gov/nr/travel/presidents/adams_nhp.html
John Adams
John Adams was a very influential Founding Father.  Earlier in his career he had worked for several Boston newspapers under the penname "Humphrey Ploughjogger," extolling the virtues of farm life and the cultivation of hemp.  He (as well as Washington) was also interested in compost, and in his letters home he wrote recipes including seaweed, marsh mud, potash and manure, along with animal bedding straw and kitchen scraps.  As the first President to live in the White House, he ordered the first planting of it's garden.  As he was there for only four months the annual vegetable garden was all he had time to do.  As a valued statesman his duties required him to be gone from home much of the time and much of the farm management was left to his wife, Abigail.  In 1801 at the end of his term as President, Adams now 66 returned to the home farm.  He died 25 years later on the 50th anniversary of the signing of the Declaration of Independence.

Thomas Jefferson wrote to artist Charles Wilson Peale, “No occupation is so delightful to me as the culture of the earth, and no comparable to that of the garden. I am still devoted to the garden. But though an old man, I am but a young gardener.”  Although Jefferson redesigned the gardens on the White House grounds and planted hundreds of seedling trees, his true passion was Monticello.

"Monitcello 47MP" by Sbuckley - Own work. Licensed under CC BY-SA 3.0 via Wikimedia Commons -


http://amzn.to/2qs4TV3
Available on Amazon
Monticello, Jefferson's masterpiece, was probably the grandest private garden and collection of plants in its time.  Originally a tobacco plantation, the majority of its 5000 acres were transitioned to wheat as the markets changed.  Its south facing slope maximizes solar aspect and terrace holds water and reduces erosion.  The vegetable garden is 1,000 feet long and grew over 300 varieties of vegetables.  Below, are six acres of nearly 170 different fruit varieties.  He also planted groves for his "pet trees."  Jefferson is buried at Monticello, dying only a few hours before his friend and fellow Founder John Adams.



On James Madison's retirement from the Presidency (4th President), he returned to his estate, Montpelier, and championed sustainable farming practices and resource conservation.

John Quincy Adams, John Adams's son and sixth president, implemented many of Jefferson's plans and personally planted many seedling trees including fruit trees, along with herbs and vegetables.  More recently, a Victory Garden was planted at the White House during World War II.  The Clinton's had trouble convincing the White House of the need for a vegetable garden, so they planted a small garden on the roof.

First Lady Michelle Obama and White House Chef Sam Kass
show students how to plant a garden
Our current President Barrack Obama and his wife, Michelle, have reinstituted the White House kitchen garden after years without.  In addition to fruits, vegetables and herbs, the garden includes a bee hive and composting bins.  Motivated by the lack of nutrition in the modern American diet of their daughters, a garden was an easy way to get more fruits and vegetables.  It is also used to promote healthy eating and local food.  The surplus is also shared with local charities.

I wish you a happy President's Day, and however you celebrate, think of the rich botanical heritage the first four Presidents planted in the fertile soil of our new Republic, and the return of those interests in our current President and hopefully beyond!

By the way, in honor of President's Day, national parks, wildlife refuges and other public lands are FREE!  Or if you can't travel to one of these destinations, follow the links to learn more about Mount Vernon and Monticello, they are truly amazing!

Saturday, February 14, 2015

Happy Valentine's Day!

Each year thousands of people express their love on public lands. Here are a few of those special moments. Enjoy this Valentine's Day video from the Department of the Interior.

 
 
Happy Valentine's Day from Abundant Design!
 


Sunday, February 8, 2015

February is Heart Month

With all of the decorations for Valentine's Day around I hope you'll be reminded that February is also Heart Month.  Cardiovascular diseases are the number one killer for both men and women in America, more than 1 in 3 are affected.  The good news is, even modest changes in lifestyle can provide significant benefits in your heart's health.

To help raise money for their ongoing research, Abundant Design, LLC is donating $1000 off a landscaping project for the American Heart Association & American Stroke Association's Heart Ball auction.  For more information about this event or how you can get involved follow the link.

http://desmoinesheartball.ahaevents.org/
 
In addition to medical research, healthy eating and living (like exercising more) can make a huge difference.  There are a good number of Heart Healthy foods you can grow right here in Iowa, to arm your fight against heart disease-

  • Tomatoes contain the antioxidant lycopene which helps maintain healthy cholesterol levels and are a main component of the Mediterranean diet, often touted as being very healthy with low incidences of heart disease.  They are also high in potassium, which can help maintain healthy blood pressure.  Tomatoes are probably the most commonly grown vegetable in home gardens, and their flavor puts store bought ones to shame.  Last years weather was hard on mine, with the cool wet weather early in the year and my late night watering during the hotter and drier months contributed to a problem with bacterial speck.  Watering earlier in the day can prevent this, so that water droplets on the fruit has a chance to evaporate.  A good layer of mulch or grass clippings will stabilize soil moisture levels and prevent splitting of the fruit.

  • Legumes such as beans, soy, and peas are an excellent source of protein without high amounts of unhealthy fat. One study found that people who ate legumes at least four times a week had a  lower risk of heart disease. Legumes may also help control blood sugar for people with diabetes.  These are easily grown, is loose fertile soil.  Most legumes host nodule forming bacteria in their roots which boost nitrogen levels benefitting other plants nearby with a necessary nutrient.  Many of these also have a perfect flower, meaning the seed can be dried and saved to plant the following year's crop.

  • Potatoes are rich in potassium, like tomatoes, and fiber which can help maintain a healthy weight which helps your heart.  Avoid frying them to prevent offsetting these benefits.  Potatoes produce the biggest tubers in loose sandy soil.  Here's a link to several ways to boost your potato yields.

  • Fresh green vegetables, like spinach and broccoli, contain carotenoids that act as antioxidants neutralizing damaging free-radicals.  Kale also contains some Omega-3 fatty acids, the "weed" purslane has even more, that may lower blood pressure and triglyceride levels.

  • Blueberries, strawberries and cranberries contain anthocyanins, antioxidant flavonoids that may decrease blood pressure and dilate blood vessels. These plants are generally quite hardy once established, prefer mildly acidic soil and can provide years of fruit.

  • Resveratrol, a compound found in red wine, is linked to many heart healthy benefits, but you can also get resveratrol from non-alcohol sources like grapes.  Many vineyards have popped up in Iowa in the past dozen years or so.

So this February make sure to treat your sweetheart on Valentine's Day, but also take time to make changes that will help your actual heart's health.  And as always, if you would like help designing or an installation of edible and sustainable landscapes, contact Abundant Design.